Diversity on the Bench


[i] Benjamin N. Cardozo, The Nature of the Judicial Process (New Haven: Yale University 1921), 177.


[ii] Sherrilyn A. Ifill, “Judicial Diversity”, 13 Green Bag 2D 45, 2009, http://www.greenbag.org/v13n1/v13n1_ifill.pdf.

[iii] Sean Farhang & Gregory Wawro, “Institutional Dynamics on the U.S. Court of Appeals: Minority Representation Under Panel Decision Making,” J.L. Econ. & Org. 20 (2004): 299-330. doi: 10.1093/jleo/ewh035.

[iv] “Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, 1789-present,” Federal Judicial Center, http://www.uscourts.gov/JudgesAndJudgeships/BiographicalDirectoryOfJudges.aspx AND “State & County QuickFacts,” United States Census, http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/00000.html

[v] Russel Wheeler, “The Changing Face of the Federal Judiciary”, The Brookings Institution, last modified August 2009, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2009/8/federal%20judiciary%20wheeler/08_federal_judiciary_wheeler.

[vi] “This is the First Time Our Judicial Pool Has Been This Diverse,” The White House, last modified June 17, 2014, http://www.whitehouse.gov/share/judicial-nominations.

[vii] Ibid.

[viii] “Broadening the Bench: Professional Diversity and Judicial Nominations,” Alliance for Justice, last modified July 15, 2014, http://www.afj.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Prof-Diversity-Report-7.15.2014-FINAL.pdf.