[i] Tom Donnelly, The U.S. Chamber of Commerce Continues its Winning Ways, CONST. ACCOUNTABILITY CENTER (June 30, 2014),

[ii] Constitutional Accountability Center, A Corporate Court? Tracking the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Roberts Court, available at

[iii] Id.

[iv] Jamie Raskin, ‘Citizens United and the Corporate Court, NATION (Oct. 8, 2012),

[v] See Exxon Shipping v. Baker 554 U.S. 471 (2008) (five republican appointed justices reduced the punitive damages awarded to the victims of the Exxon Valdez oil spill); Kelso v. Bayer Corporation, 398 F.3d 640 (7th Cir. 2005) (two republican appointed judges and one democratic appointed judge permitted a pharmaceutical company to continuing using vague warning labels).

[vi] Rapanos v. United States, 547 U.S. 715 (2006) (a five republican appointed justice majority narrowly read the Clean Water Act, making it harder to protect wetlands); Comcast Corp. v. Behrend, 133 S. Ct. 1426 (2013) (five republican appointed justices made it harder for plaintiffs to bring class action suits, and four democratic appointees justices would not have made it harder).

[vii] Ledbetter v. Goodyear, 550 U.S. 618 (2007) (a five republican appointed justice majority held that the female victim of decades of pay discrimination on the job who only learned of her biased treatment at the end of her career could not sue since the discrimination had begun more than 180 days before her court filing and the statute of limitations had therefore run); 14 Penn Plaza LLC v. Pyett, 556 U.S. 247 (2009) (a five republican appointed justice majority made it harder for union workers to bring age discrimination claims).